Posts Categorized: Employment and HR

Employers – Are You Treating Misconduct Cases Consistently?

Some forms of workplace misconduct may appear so serious as to obviously justify dismissal as a matter of common sense. However, as an instructive decision of the Employment Appeal Tribunal (EAT) showed, the need for even-handed fairness and consistency is a constant in every employment case, no matter how grave (Doy v Clays Limited). The… Read more »

Whistleblowing – Information or Allegation?

In Cavendish Munro Professional Risks Management Limited v Geduld, the Employment Appeal Tribunal (EAT) established the principle that, for the purposes of the whistleblowing provisions of the Employment Rights Act 1996, to qualify for protection a disclosure must be the giving of information as distinct from an allegation. In the recent case of Kilraine v… Read more »

Unfair Dismissal – What is the Legal Effect of a Successful Internal Appeal?

If an employee is dismissed but that decision is subsequently overturned following an internal appeal, does the latter decision wipe out the effect of the former? The Court of Appeal tackled that issue in a guideline decision (Patel v Folkestone Nursing Home Ltd.). The case concerned a care home worker who was summarily dismissed for… Read more »

Risk Assessments for Breastfeeding Mothers

EU Directive 92/85/EEC is aimed at protecting the health and safety of women in the workplace who are pregnant, have recently given birth or are still breastfeeding. Under UK law as it currently stands, an employer need only undertake a risk assessment specific to the work of a new mother who is breastfeeding if it… Read more »

Central Arbitration Committee Can Hear Claims Against Acas

The EU Information and Consultation Directive 2002 established minimum requirements for companies with more than 50 employees for consulting and informing them on a wide variety of subjects. The Information and Consultation of Employees Regulations 2004 (ICER) implement the Directive in the UK. The ICER apply to public and private undertakings that carry out an… Read more »

The ‘Final Straw’ and Constructive Dismissal

It is an implied term of any contract of employment that an employer should not act in a way that is likely to destroy or seriously damage the trust and confidence which an employee can expect from them. A serious breach of an implied contractual term or the ‘final straw’ in a series of less… Read more »

Dealing With Employee References

Contrary to popular belief, except in certain sectors (e.g. education and financial services), employers are not legally obliged to provide those who leave their employment with a reference unless they have given express agreement to do so. Where a reference is given, the employer has a duty of care to the departing employee and to… Read more »

When Does Notice of Termination Take Effect?

Exactly when notice of termination takes effect can impact on an employee’s entitlement to certain benefits or employment rights. In the absence of an express term in the employee’s contract, if they are dismissed in writing and the letter is posted to their home address, when does the notice period commence? Does it run from… Read more »